Business

Business at KS4

Would you like….

  • To be your own boss running your own business?
  • To understand just what goes on in the world of work?
  • To know what businesses look for when they recruit staff?
  • To see how a business gets its money to operate?
  • To know why so many adverts are aimed at teenagers?
  • To understand why the same big businesses operate around the world?

OCR GCSE (9–1) Business is the course to take if you want the answers to these and many other questions. When you leave school, you may be working for a business or other organisation. After studying Business you will have an insight into just how businesses operate, including how to set up a business of your own. So why should you not be the next Richard Branson? This is a practical course, using real businesses as examples.

Why choose OCR GCSE (9-1) Business?

Relevant and contemporary – The GCSE (9-1) Business uses a variety of real business contexts to consider issues and challenges facing entrepreneurs and commercial organisations.

Skills for a modern world – Students have the opportunity to develop as enterprising individuals with a practical set of key skills, including problem solving and decision-making, interpreting and analysing data, and more.

Opportunities for progression – This qualification offers an ideal foundation to gain insight into future career paths in business. It can provide a useful stepping stone to many further education qualifications including A Level Business.

What you will study in OCR GCSE (9–1) Business?

  • Marketing, including advertising, development of products, setting the best price.
  • Recruitment, including how businesses get the right staff and keep them working well.
  • Business structures, including the different ways to set up a business.
  • Finance, including how businesses get the money to set up and operate and how they make a profit.
  • Business operations, including how businesses produce the things we buy.
  • Influences on businesses, including the environment and how many businesses are operating around the world.

How you will be assessed?

  • Two exams at the end of the course, each 90 minutes long.
  • Some questions will be multiple choice, some will be extended writing to test your ability to explain why you made a particular decision.
  • There is no controlled assessment.

OCR’s GCSE (9–1) in Business (J204) Content and Assessment

Students take both components, 01 and 02, to be awarded the OCR GCSE (9–1) in Business.

 Business Paper 1

Content Overview

  • Business activity
  1. business enterprise and entrepreneurship
  2. business planning
  3. business ownership
  4. business aims and objectives
  5. stakeholders in business
  6. business growth
  • Marketing
  1. role of marketing
  2. market research
  3. market segmentation
  4. marketing mix
  • People
  1. role of HR
  2. organisational structures
  3. communication in business
  4. recruitment and selection
  5. motivation and retention
  6. training and development
  7. employment law

Assessment Overview

80 Marks. 1 Hour 30 minutes paper. 50% of total GCSE.

Business Paper 2

Content Overview

  • Operations
    1. production processes
    2. quality of goods and services
    3. sales process and customer service
    4. consumer law
    5. business location
    6. working with suppliers
  • Finance
    1. role of the finance function
    2. sources of finance
    3. revenue, costs, profit and loss
    4. break even
    5. cash and cash flow
  • Influences on business
    1. ethical and environmental considerations
    2. economic climate
    3. globalisation
  • The interdependent nature of business

Assessment Overview

80 Marks. 1 Hour 30 Minutes paper. 50% of total GCSE.

Business at KS5

What do I need to know, or be able to do, before taking this course?

It doesn’t matter if you haven’t studied business before. You might have an interest in business and want to know more about the impact business has on the world around you.

The Pearson Edexcel Level 3 Advanced GCE in Business is structured into four themes and consists of three externally examined papers. Students are introduced to business in Themes 1 and 2 through building knowledge of core business concepts and applying them to business contexts to develop a broad understanding of how businesses work. Breadth and depth of knowledge and understanding, with applications to a wider range of contexts and more complex business information, are developed in Themes 3 and 4, requiring students to take a more strategic view of business opportunities and issues.

Students are encouraged to use an enquiring, critical and thoughtful approach to the study of business, to understand that business behaviour can be studied from a range of perspectives and to challenge assumptions.

Theme 1: Marketing and people. Students will develop an understanding of:

  • meeting customer needs
  • the market
  • marketing mix and strategy
  • managing people
  • entrepreneurs and leaders.

Theme 2: Managing business activities. Students will develop an understanding of:

  • raising finance
  • financial planning
  • managing finance
  • resource management
  • external influences

Theme 3: Business decisions and strategy

This theme develops the concepts introduced in Theme 2. Students will develop an understanding of:

  • business objectives and strategy
  • business growth
  • decision-making techniques
  • influences on business decisions
  • assessing competitiveness
  • managing change.

Theme 4: Global business

This theme develops the concepts introduced in Theme 1. Students will develop an understanding of:

  • globalisation
  • global markets and business expansion
  • global marketing
  • global industries and companies (multinational corporations)

How will I be assessed?

Paper 1 will assess marketing, people and global businesses.

Questions will be drawn from Themes 1 and 4, and from local, national and global contexts.

Overview of assessment

  • Written examination.
  • The paper comprises two sections.
  • Students answer all questions from both sections.
  • Sections A and B each comprise one data response question broken down into
  • A number of parts, including one extended open-response question.
  • Duration: 2 hours. 35% of the A level

Paper 2 will assess business finance and operations, business decisions and strategy. Questions will be drawn from Themes 2 and 3, and from local, national and global contexts.

Overview of assessment

  • Written examination.
  • The paper comprises two sections.
  • Students answer all questions from both sections.
  • Sections A and B each comprise one data response question broken down into a number of parts, including one extended open-response question.
  • Duration: 2 hours. 35% of the A level

Paper 3 will assess content across all four themes. Questions will be drawn from local, national and global contexts.

For Paper 3, there will be a pre-released context document issued on the website in November of the previous year. A new context will be given to centres each year and will relate to the examination series for the following summer. The context will focus on a broad context, such as an industry or market in which businesses operate.

The question paper will be in two sections. The first section will focus on the broad context provided. This will be outlined to centres through the pre-released document. Questions will focus on the broad context.

The second section will focus on at least one strand within the context provided, such as a particular business.

Each section will contain unseen stimulus materials comprising quantitative and qualitative evidence. Students are required to apply their knowledge and understanding from Themes 1, 2, 3 and 4 and their understanding of the broad context to this evidence. Students cannot take any of their research or investigation data carried out as part of the pre-release into the examination.

Overview of assessment

  • Written examination.
  • The paper comprises two sections.
  • Students answer all questions from both sections.
  • Sections A and B each comprise one data response question broken down into a number of parts, including one extended open-response question.
  • Duration: 2 hours. 30% of the A level

Possible Future Careers

What do Business graduates do?

Jobs directly related to a Business degree include:

Jobs where your degree would be useful include: